FTTH is an abbreviation for  „Fibre to the home“. It means that ultrafast network connections using optical networks like fibre optics are provided directly to the customer. In this case the fastest possible connections within one network are possible for the customers.


The usage of broadband connections allows the user to user service beyond browsing the internet. IPTV, Videostreaming or realtime-communication is not or hardly possible with slow connections. Also new features like eGovernment is only possible in a limited way by using only basic connections.


NGA (= next-generation-access) networks consist complete or partly of optical elements and are capable of delivering broadband access services with enhanced characteristics (such as higher throughput) as compared to those provided over already existing copper networks. NGA services can offer transfer rates of over 30 Mbps and therefore meet the broadband coverage target.

NGA networks can be deployed by using a number of different technologies and network architectures which will determine the maximum data speed which they will obtain. NGA network architectures currently being deployed include:

  • Fibre to the cabinet (FTTC) using Digital Subscriber Loop (DSL) technologies on copper end user connections or wireless broadband technologies

  • Fibre to the home/premises (FTTP) using point to point fibre

  • Fibre to the home/premises using passive optic networks (PON)


Broadband is defined as a high bandwidth connection to the Internet and /or other experience rich contents or services. Broadband is easier and faster to use than the traditional telephone and modem as information can be sent and downloaded much quicker. The term represents the quantity, quality and rapidness of communication, the information obtained at local and global level, the currently minimal request for any community and the starting point for future development.

Broadband is a relative term understood according to its context. The wider (broader) the bandwidth of a channel, the greater the information-carrying capacity, given the same channel quality. Depending on the country, there seems to be a wide agreement that capacities below 128 kbps (or 256 kbps in some states) are not considered broadband.

Phone line, cable or satellite can provide the way for broadband connections. It involves large volumes of information being carried at high speeds to your PC. This allows websites, text, graphics, music and videos to be experienced in real time.

Features of broadband:

  • phone line is unaffected

  • standard monthly fee for unlimited internet access

  • content from internet can be downloaded at a fast rates


PPP (= Public-Private Partnership) refers to a long-term, contractually regulated cooperation between the public and private sector for the efficient fulfillment of public tasks in combining the necessary resources (e.g. know-how, operational funds, capital, personnel) of the partners and distribution existing project risks appropriately according to the risk management competence of the project partners which is carried out by using the conditions laid down by the law.

There is a great variety of definitions for PPP available worldwide. The contents and objectives may vary according to the country specific background and the specific interests of the individual author.


This term stands for "Long Term Evolution" - approved standard for 4G mobile broadband using radio waves. LTE was developed as a long-term alternative to DSL, cable, and other wired forms of Internet.


According to data from the european statistics institute eurostat, 75% of the citizen of the EU-28 are using the Internet.


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