"Grey spots" are areas where one network operator is present and another network is unlikely to be developed in the near future. The same company may operate separate fixed and mobile networks in the same area but this will not change the "color" of such area. The competitive situation is assessed according to the number of existing infrastructure operators.


"White spots" are areas where is no broadband infrastructure and it is unlikely to be developed in the near future. The Commission targets for the DAE aim for a ubiquitous coverage of basic broadband services in the EU by 2013 and of at least 30Mbps by 2020.


When in given geographical zone there are or there will be in the near future at least two basic broadband networks of different operators and broadband services are provided under competitive conditions (infrastructure-based competition), it can be assumed that there is no market failure. If only one infrastructure is present, even if this infrastructure is used via unbundling by several electronic communication operators, such situation shall be considered to be a competitive grey area. It is not considered a "black area" within the meaning of the EU Guidelines.


-Public DBO

-Private DBO


-Bottom up

-Joint Venture


-slow preparation of individual PPP projects, which may take up to two years if the preparation of the project is to be of a high standart;

-absence of preliminary verifications on PPP`s actual convenience in terms of optimisation of Public Administration Costs;

-Public Administrations` inadequate capacity to report and interact with the private partner, both in identifying respective contractual obligations and monitoring contract execution;

-PPP projects prefer the economic aspects of the project to the social, environmental or other aspects;

-excessive trust in PPP solving capacity as an alternative to poor availability of public resources;

-considerably negative financial impacts in case the partnership has to be cancelled;

-possible transfer of risks from the private sector to the public sector, e.g. risk of bankruptcy;


-to remove the responsibility of funding the investment from the government`s balance sheet;

-to introduce competition;

-to adopt managerial practices and experience of the private sector;

-to restructure public sector service by embracing private sector capital and practices;

-to achieve greater efficiency than traditional methods of providing public services.


The term PPP (Public Private Partnership) refers to a long-term contractually regulated cooperation between the public and private sector for the efficient fulfilment of public tasks in combining the necessary resources (e.g. knowhow, operational funds, capital, personnel) of the partners and distributing existing project risks appropriately according to the risk management competence of the project partners which is carried out by using the conditions laid down by the law.


Broadband is defined as a high bandwidth connection to the Internet and/or other experience rich contents or services.

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Technical University of Gabrovo

(359) 66 827 557


Contact person:
Nikolay Madzharov